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  • Constitution

    by EAB

    The Constitution of Liberty City, Colony Alchibah

    We the People of Liberty Township do Solemnly Declare that a Government cannot be Legitimate without the Consent of the Governed and that only authority expressly delegated by vote of the Citizenry may be exercised by said Government.

    Article 1
    1.1 This Constitution shall be the only document delegating such authority and will take effect at a date determined by, and upon ratification of, 75% of the eligible voting population.
    1.2. For the purpose of ratifying this constitution all colonists, having reached the age of sixteen as determined by date of birth on the planet Earth, and capable of voting without the direct assistance of others, shall be eligible to vote. All other dates and times referenced in this Constitution shall be based on time as reckoned on the planet Alchibah and start from the landing of the colony ship Mayflower.
    1.3 After ratification, the voting for, and approval of, maters delegated to government by this constitution shall be restricted to those who were eligible to vote upon said ratification, or; have attained the age of six years and 500 days, and have publicly sworn an oath to support and defend the terms and conditions of this document, and, if not arriving on the colony ship Mayflower, have resided within Liberty Township for a period of 500 days. Those so qualified will hereafter be referred to as Citizens.
    1.4 The privileges and responsibilities of a Citizen may be terminated only by the free public attestation of said Citizen, or upon conviction of high crimes against the Constitution, or upon his death.

    Article 2
    2.1 The government shall consist of the Citizenry, a body composed of all of the Citizens, and such subsidiary bodies as authorized by it. The Citizenry will convene at times and locations of it’s choosing but must convene at least twice in every calendar year. This meeting shall convene on the 10th day and the 550th day of each year at the governmental seat in Liberty City or at such a location as directed by a majority vote of the Citizenry, and be presided over by the most recently elected Chairman of the Liberty Council. The Citizenry shall be the primary legislative body and have supreme authority in all matters governmental.
    2.2 The primary executive body shall be the Liberty Council whose duty will include the day to day operation of the government and such other duties as the Citizenry may require of it. There shall be an odd number of Citizens numbering no less than five elected to the Liberty Council by vote of the Citizenry and under rules which the Citizenry shall approve. The terms of Council members shall be limited to no more than two years without reconfirmation by the Citizenry.
    2.3 The Liberty Council established by this constitution shall, within 30 days of their election, recommend to the Citizenry for approval a Judicial Tribunal which shall include provision for determination of fact, pronouncement of sentence, and appeal procedure. In cases involving Constitutional question the Citizenry shall have final appeal authority.
    In recognition of the fact that man being imperfect, then so must be the results of his labors and intentions, the means for modifying this constitution shall be as follows.

    Article 3
    3.1 All Citizens shall by right be able to petition for change, or addition, to the Constitution and there shall be two such means of effecting said change.
    3.2 The first. and more limited of these, shall be a call for Constitutional Proclamation. This Proclamation must be limited in nature, apply only to the instance at hand, and shall never be considered to have changed the original intent of the document. Any Citizen may call for such a Prolamation at any meeting of the Citizenry. Debate may begin at once but final debate and a vote must be scheduled prior to adjournment of the session in which such call is made. This final debate and vote cannot be scheduled less than 20 or more than 40 days after the initial proposal, unless 75% of the Citizenry present declare in the initial debate that it can be voted on sooner, in which case the final vote can take place as soon as one day after the initial proposal. In this case every effort must be made to immediately inform the Citizenry not present at the initial meeting of the proposal and the time of the final debate and vote. A Constitutional Proclamation will require a 75% vote in favor of passage and a minimum of 50% of the total Citizenry to be voting, and will go into affect no later than 30 days after the date of its passage.
    3.3 The second shall be a petition for Constitutional Change. This petition shall be introduced to the Citizenry as described in section 3.2 but must also include a document describing the section to be changed or the addition to be made and giving the exact wording of this change or addition. It may address at most one article. Debate may begin at once but final debate and a vote must be scheduled prior to adjournment of the session in which such call is made. This final debate and vote cannot be scheduled less than 50 or more than 100 days after the initial proposal. A Constitutional Change will require a 75% vote in favor of passage and a minimum of 65% of the total Citizenry to be voting, and will go into affect no earlier than 60 days after the date of it’s approval.
    3.4 An enactment by either of the above proposals may not be construed so as to enable civil or criminal proceedings relating to actions constitutional prior to it’s passage.
    We hold the following rights to be fundamental but as the people are the owners and holders of all rights. Those not enumerated herein shall not be considered as having any lesser protection under the Constitution.

    Article 4
    4.1 No law shall be made favoring, prohibiting or restricting the exercise of religion unless such religious exercise shall threaten the existence of the state.
    4.2 No law shall be made restricting freedom of speech, writing or any other form of creative or political expression, except in instances of violence, direct incitation of violence and treason. Treason shall be defined as intentionally aiding a declared enemy of the state, or an organization dedicated to the overthrow of the government by means that are not otherwise Constitutionally protected.
    4.3 No law shall be made restricting the right of the people to peaceably assemble.
    4.4 No law shall be made restricting the right of the people to petition the government or peacefully protest government excepting when such protest would involve private trespass or prohibit others from exercising their Constitutional rights.
    4.5 No law shall be made restricting the right of the people to bear arms for the defense of themselves or the State. The ownership and use of weapons of mass destruction shall, however, be restricted. The definition of weapons of mass destruction may not include those appropriate for an individual’s defense of him or herself or the State, and shall include at a minimum nuclear weapons (explosives), biological weapons and chemical weapons, as well as other weapons the Citizenry shall decide upon as detailed in Article 3.3.
    4.6 The equality of rights under the law of any Citizen shall not be arbitrarily denied or abridged on account of any factor which does not directly threaten the existence of the State or likely cause direct harm to the health or safety of the public.

    Article 5
    5.1 The Citizenry shall set all rules and procedures necessary for setting the governments proper scope of responsibility, and once in place such rules shall not be changed without a majority vote of all the Citizens.
    5.2 The purpose of this Constitution is to permanently set the principals of government. It is not an evolving, living document. It’s words are literal and shall have the meaning of original intent. Challenges to any interpretation of this Constitution based on this clause must be addressed by a Constitutional Amendment changing or clarifying the language.

    Posted in C, G | Comments Off

    Government — First Colony Farm

    by EAB

    Primary Edit Lester Reye

    When the council in public meeting began talking about getting the farming underway the discussion was lively. Including myself their were five of us colonists who actually owned or operated farms back on Earth. I had raised cattle and hogs before getting into politics and my farm still did the same but with a manager rather than me in person. Frank Turner grew grain, Chen Yamasak had run a vineyard and raised fruit trees as a sideline. Bartholomew (Thal) Isaacson said over his years he had raised a little bit of everything and the Ortega’s (Manuel and Felicia) had raised vegetables and garden crops. All of us had some experience of course in the others major areas of expertise. Hamilton’s selection process had served us well in this area.

    The Historian was the acknowledged master by now on poultry and was considering adding turkeys to his mix. Isaacson suggested he add rabbits also, as soon as we could get some through the tubes. With a 30 day gestation period and a breeding cycle of about the same they would give us a secondary source of meat faster than almost anything else. They should also be able to eat the native grasses and in cages be easy for the bots to manage.

    The Council agreed that those six, counting the Ortegas as just one member, would make up the farm board and be responsible for drafting and submitting for vote farming related issues that affected the entire colony. Even that farm board would need to be voted upon by the township as a whole. But as none of those who witnessed the meeting where this was approved objected it looked like a given.

    We had already cleared and begun to prepare farmland to the north and west sides of the township so it was agreed to use this land, and clear enough more, to get a first 150 grid communal farm in while us farmers worked on private plots. Until we were sure of their safety all the decanted livestock would be kept here and I would be their primary overseer at a rate of 1.1 SLHs. The other farmers would receive the same and workers on the communal farm would be authorized at the 1.0 standard rate. That same principal was applied to Bartlett and Fortson’s lumbering and the Andy Stuart’s power project.

    Frank Turner was selected as leader of the farm board and his first proposal fit right into my wish to find work for Burt Buchanan and others who had not as of yet been contributing much to the colony. Frank said that since we would need more land than we had set aside for the communal farm to be put into agriculture, that the township should authorize payment at the 1.0 rate for colonists in the general labor pool to satisfy their 30 hour tax, by clearing and preparing the land around the farmers Freehold sites.

    Jack the Blade immediately objected to that and in no uncertain terms. The compromise we finally worked out was to permit the labor use as township equity but that the farmers benefiting must pay back to the colony the number of labor hours used before they would be able to purchase that cleared land. It was also agreed that they would be given a preference when it came time to purchase said land if they agreed to continue using it as farmland and contributed crops to the general supply at a rate equal to what the demonstration farm was producing until this land was paid for plus an additional 4 A-years or until the demonstration farm was sold by the township to the highest bidder. In the meantime the township would farm such land and own all proceeds exactly as it did with the demonstration farm. We put in a clause letting us revisit this provision in 2 A-years and modify it to make purchase easier for the farmers if that seemed proper.

    That proposal just squeaked out of council when a qualifier was added limiting such lands to no more than 50 extra grids per farm and that at least 80% of those grids be kept in production till the entire grant was paid for. All timber cleared from any such land would be township stock and used in township construction or sold at the direction of the appropriate body and again after a vote by the citizenry.

    The last farm related proposal authorized all colonists a right to procure seeds for their personal use if there was any surplus after the needs of the township farms were satisfied. The price of those seeds would be set or put up for bid when the initial communal needs were determined.

    Posted in A, F, G | Comments Off

    UNWG (”Goonies”) and the “Nanny State”

    by EAB

    The governmental philosophy and political changes which occurred in the United States from about the mid 1960’s onward, the type which fostered the belief that an all knowing all caring state would serve it’s citizens interests best, led directly to what is often referred to as the creation of the “Nanny State“, and indirectly to our inclusion into the UNWG. In fairness to Europe it should be said that the Europeans always seemed to be on the leading edge of the curve, a generation or more ahead of the U.S. in this important area.

    The EAB takes a somewhat divergent view on the type of state brought into being and hence disagrees with the given name. It wasn’t a “Nanny State” that was being created, but a “Mommy State“. A Nanny might work eight or ten hours a day doing the bidding of her employer. The Nanny, almost always being from a lower economic stratum than her employer, would generally have had harsher and more rigid ideas concerning what was right or wrong in childhood behavior, and the appropriate penalties for transgression upon the same. “Spare the rod spoil the child.” would be typical, and unless given explicit instructions to the contrary was likely to test such theories in practice. They weren’t just theories to the Nanny, after all that was how she had been raised. The children, (citizens for short), obeyed out of self interest. When they reached a certain age, (the age of majority), the former children were on their own and the Nanny no longer had any direct control over their actions. With a little luck though, some of the lessons stuck.

    The government, unlike a Nanny but instead like some kind of Super Mommy, a Soccer Mommy on steroids, had to decide that the only proper course was to institute policies which would keep the children safe 24 hours a day, safe both from external sources of harm and from those it felt the children might bring upon themselves. And there was no age of majority; an eternal childhood, we would all become as Peter Pan. A Government of the Government, by the Government, and, most especially, for the Government. Try substituting the word Mommy for the last three instances of the word Government in the previous sentence, it has a certain ring. It was done for the children and all of us were and always would be children. There were bad parents and something must be done.

    Since we were children and hence incapable of independently determining right from wrong; as so many Mommies knew, it was a foregone conclusion that we could hardly be held responsible for our own actions. And as we were not responsible it was unfair to punish us for doing wrong things. Punishing us would make us feel bad and more importantly make Mommy feel bad. It was much better to control our lives in such a manner that bad things just couldn’t happen. If bad things still happened it was a very minor exercise in logic to prove that the controls were insufficient. And of course a Mommy can always tell what is right for her children. So long as she is doing something which minimizes or eliminates the worry on her part concerning the safety or well being of her children, (and we are all her children), then it must be right.

    Why the profound shift in American attitude in the second half of the 20th century? A number of factors suggest themselves. Universal suffrage giving mommies the vote plus the increasing role of government on all levels, the horrendous loss of life caused by two world wars, the rise of the scientific method, or rather the pseudo-scientific method as trendy intellectual fashion replaced tradition, were just a few of those factors. And another, often neglected cause, was the decline in family size. With fewer children per Mommy each child must receive that much more care. With more per capita wealth and longer life spans there came an ever increasing feeling that there was more than enough of all things material for society to distribute the surplus for the benefit of all. Politicians, being politicians, could always tell what type of changes would lead to their increased power, some even managed to convince themselves it wasn’t power they sought but the ability to do good. And so, of the two major parties in the U.S., one was for rapid adoption of the Mammy State on principal because it would lead to more power, and the leaders of the other party could never quite make their aversion to the Mommy State overcome their greater aversion to a possible election loss. On both sides then the overpowering truth was, “In Principal we have no Principal but Power.”, and that was the only important principal . And thus we were ripe for inclusion into the UNWG.

    The United Nations World Government gave over all shelter and a place to shift the blame for those things, and they were legion, for which politicians did not wish to assume responsibility. After all it was better to live with a few minor inconveniences and curtailment of liberty than risk a possible worse fate by not joining with the majority of the rest of the world. And being non judgmental regarding the policies and practices of the other governments in the UNWG was taught to be an indication of the highest form of virtue. Fraternity, Equality, Diversity. Except as Orwell knew some were more equal than others. And thus the road to serfdom, but very affluent and happy serfs we must be.

    After all, this protection from harm was something which needed doing. The United States had very severe and easily recognizable internal problems. As Michael Crichton once pointed out with 4 % of the worlds population producing 20% of the worlds output, (economic globalization was just getting underway), we needed 50% of the worlds lawyers. Those lawyers were responsible for over 95% of worldwide monetary damage suits and for an even larger percentage of monies recovered, almost all such judgments being rendered by United States courts. The need for such suits were attributable to either corporate or professional malpractice. Equality of outcome must be achieved. There should be no pain. After all what kind of a Mommy can watch unfeelingly while any of her children do poorly or suffer discomfort? It was obvious that something needed doing and the politicians, Mommies, and ruling classes, for somewhat different reasons, decided the “Mommy State” and the UNWG were the answers.

    For additional commentary see: Dissidents and Opposition to the UNWG.

    Posted in G, U | Comments Off

    UNWG (”Goonies”) Intentions — Speculations

    by EAB

    UNWG Prior Plans

    At present it is unclear whether the UNWG will, or can, send forces after us though it is a possibility we can not dismiss.

    Data in two files pulled from the captured cruiser commanded by Ashcroft William Andrews IV gives some evidence of the UNWG’s plans and interests concerning extra solar exploration prior to the discovery of the Alchibah Wormhole. One was called “On Locating Habital Systems” The seriousness of this report is suspect. There were also studies into Extra Solar Ship Design. See Starships a Proposal.

    Both of these files had been written many years ago, before R.J. Hamilton’s current drive technology and Wormhole discovery would have been known, which probably explained the weak encryption. Some of the information contained within them is inconsistent.

    The Cruiser’s Database contains a number of more recent entries which we have not been able to open. It is hoped that Ashcroft Andrews IV will be able to shed light on the current state of UNWG planning, and construction, and more importantly, intentions.

    Synopsis Original draft July 2036. Title: On Locating Habital Systems.

    In support of the UNWG Full Employment Act. And under the auspices of the UNWG International Astrophysical Union.

    Extra-Solar Habital Planets. A search outline.

    Preliminary Assumptions:

    1. The star must have a planetary system. Estimate 80% do.

    2. The star should not be a multiple star system. Estimate 65% qualify.

    3. The star must have a habital zone, (the orbital region where water can remain liquid through most of the planetary year), of sufficient size that a planet is likely to be found therein. K type Stars or larger are indicated.

    4. Old enough for an eco-system to develop. A consensus is at least 1.5 billion years on the main sequence. An F type star or smaller.

    5. Combine 3 and 4 and stars from F1 to K1 on the main sequence are appropriate.

    6. Using Earth based measurements and best methods, 75% of the K,F, G stars, do have planets in the habital zone.

    7. We will only send survey ships to stars very close to Earth, 15 LY. or less, or those further away that meet the spectral class qualifier and have been found with planets by solar observation. We will survey to a maximum radius of 200 Light Years. See Starships a Proposal.

    Results:

    1. Multiplying 1 and 2 give a 50% chance of any star having a planetary system.

    2. Applying 5 gives a 35% overall chance that the right type star has a planet worth surveying.

    3. With one in 3 of K-F stars suitable, an arguably high estimate, and if we decide to survey 600 likely stars we will need to send probes to a distance which encompasses about 2,000 such stars.

    4. There are about 150 stars to visit within 50 LY of Earth, though many miss our criteria for spectral type. There are 4000 stars within 200 LY. So based on spectral type frequencies we would need to send out survey ships to near 200 light years to examine the 600 most likely K-F prospects.

    The cost and timing of any such program of course need to be determined but the Astrophysical Union recommends further study. An active program should be set up to improve knowledge of stellar properties and distances. We make no comment on the practicality of building ships or sensor platforms capable of carrying out such a mission, or on the likelihood of their success.

    A Second Relevant Document

    Synopsis Original draft May 2044. Title: Starships a Proposal. Advanced Ship Construction.

    In support of the UNWG Full Employment Act. And under the auspices of the UNWG Combined Design Bureau Ship Division.

    Advances in fusion reactors technology and cryogenics make it possible to begin design studies for slower than light speed interstellar flight.

    Estimates and Preliminary Notes United Nations Inter Stellar Transport 1.

    When considering long duration independent voyages the naval experiences of the last several hundred years provide a ready analogue. The pre-amalgamation U.S. Navy provides much baseline data. Year 2020 dollars, the date of last major construction, will be used throughout. As we have made inflation illegal, price creep will be due only to increases related the necessary costs of achieving social justice.

    Though not a “Transport Starship” a Nuclear Aircraft Carrier such as operated by the former United States Navy represents construction on the envisioned scale. These Carriers massing 100,000 tons supported crews of 6000 and were provisioned for 3 months. Provisions for several year long voyages could easily have been accommodated. Build price 32 billion dollars with the original fueling.

    Using Cryogenic Hibernation, supplies needed on a long voyages may be greatly reduced. This could extend travel time or be used to save on consumables for an increased crew size. Current and near term propulsion designs imply large ships due to reaction mass tankage requirements.

    Starship Transport the UNIST 1. First of all some assumptions have to be made concerning trip durations. The basic premise will be that FTL travel will not be possible unless a Wormhole is located.

    Acceleration will be will be held to a maximum of 1.2 gravities. This will mean that to get to relativistic speeds will require about 8 months and a further 80 months of deceleration when a destination is reached. Minimum ship time to another star system would be less than 2 years. A round trip three and a half to visit the nearer stars.

    The interior size of our carriers reference is approximately 8 million cubic feet. With 6000 crewpersons aboard and subtracting out structural and mechanical elements less than 1000 cu ft of living space for each. We will suppose twice that much room per person on the UNIST 1.

    Carriers are full of watertight rooms and bulkheads and are lightly armored. The UNIST 1 design will incorporate similar features.

    The Design Bureau suggests a ship of about 25,000 tons built with external tankage. and a crew of about 50 transporting perhaps 1200 others for a build cost of 40 billion and a charge to put the structural components into low Earth Orbit of $200,000 per ton. Thus a total ship cost of 45 billion dollars. Each round trip to take 2.5 Years ships time. Expected ships lifetime of 50 years. Build time 7 to 10 years after design approval.

    Excerpt from UNWG Cruiser Database.

    Posted in G, U | Comments Off